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Gnosticism

Final Essay :  Gnosticism
Submitted by Ernest Kayorie

After the completion of the extensive and sometimes tedious reading associated with the course, I would like to state that this has been an extremely informative course.  While the subject is very interesting, it can be off setting because of the numerous definitions and oftentimes convoluted concepts.  In many ways, it has involved  learning a new vocabulary. She uses many resources to present the various topics and information important to a proper understanding of the subject.  The most important part of the course for this writer was the summation because it brought together many of the ideas presented throughout the course.

The idea that Gnosticism was and is a distinct pre-Christian movement certainly makes sense and comparisons between Christianity and Gnosticism should be based on that concept.  Oftentimes, one gets the distinct impression that Gnosticism was  and is viewed as a aberration of Christianity.  This belief system  attempts to relate the story of man’s origin and how the known universe came to be. It also relates how that universe continues to unfold.  This explanation is no different than the accounts in the Book of Genesis or any other creation story/myth with all  variations on how the universe came to be.

Gnosticism presents ideas on the never ceasing potential that exists within man.  It states that man strives for union with that part of him/her that is divine and immortal.  The belief in the limited  aspect of deity that was represented by the Jewish god, Yahweh was challenged by Gnostic wisdom because it saw man has a being of perfection who was simply attempting to return to or remember its rightful place in the universe.  Gnosticism presented a lofty alternative to the  small/petty cultural deities who were prone to human emotions.  Who says we don’t create gods in our image? 

The fact that this search for gnosis (wisdom) was existent at the time of the writing of the gospels and was prevalent throughout the known world is not surprising.  Traditions tracing their origins prior to anything Christian (Hinduism, Buddhism) share their secret wisdom with those who are able to understand.  What that truth entails is expressed differently in every culture and, at the same time, it shares commonalities which are self evident.  The teachers of wisdom and the seers who share the responsibility of  bringing this secret knowledge to those who wish to hear were certainly familiar with the ideas presented.   The fact that some of these Gnostic ideas influenced the writings that found their way into the canon of the fledgling organization that was to become the “Church” also should not be surprising.  The placing of what came to be known as Gnostic thinking on heretical lists is also not surprising.  The knowledge presented within Gnostic texts was not for the commoners.  It was too heady and convoluted and also it gave too much potential/power to everyman. Gnostic thinking continued to have influence throughout the growth of  western thought and is certainly a factor in establishing our ongoing quest of finding out who we truly are.

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Many people get ordained through the Universal Life Church as a means to become wedding officiants, but also to study through our online seminary. If you need minister supplies or online ceremonies, we have a wide selection to choose from, as well as a place for spiritual articles and spiritual bookmarks. If you need any assistance in any area of your ministry, please feel free to contact amy@ulcseminary.org and we’ll give you all the help we can. Visit our FB Page at ULC Seminary.
As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.
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Wiccan Studies

I began this course as a practicing Wiccan with a desire to learn different approaches to Wicca. As a teacher, I am in the habit of gathering and evaluating information. Some things I keep for future reference and others I discard. It was with this perspective that I entered this course.
As a Wiccan 101 course, it covered the basics very well. I enjoyed the different approaches you gave. You conveyed to the students the idea that Wicca is a personal relationship and not some tightly held dogmatic beliefs. I noticed a thread of Ceremonial Magic weaved into your Wiccan Tapestry. I also noticed that you touched on some Druidic beliefs as well. I applaud you on both.
I feel the course was a through presentation of Wiccan 101. Your presentation encouraged students to become personally involved in Wicca and to think for themselves. I enjoyed the course very much.
Rev. Angela Firmin H.P.S., D.D.
Lady Emeraldmoon
Rev. Angela Firmin
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The Universal Life Church is a comprehensive online seminary where we have classes in Christianity, Wicca, Paganism, two courses in Metaphysics and much more. I have been a proud member of the ULC for many years and the Seminary since its inception.
As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.
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Spirit Quest

When I started this course, I was not too sure about how I would feel about it… Personally, I am quite pragmatic and it has taken me a long time to admit to and share my inner feelings. However as I progressed through the course I “warmed up to it” and I must say that it has been quite an eye-opener for me personally.
 
There were many aspects I learned that I was more or less familiar with and even practiced in some form of another, but the course has given me a framework to put it all in place and to put it into practical use.
 
Early on in the course when starting the exercises sitting quietly and attaching a grounding cord, I spent a lot of time on that. I found out a really funny experience: I’m traveling by plane a lot, and even when I’m in the plane, I am able to attach the grounding cord going to the center of the earth. First I thought that would not be possible but it felt quite naturally, even at 30,000 feet going fast.
Later I added another technique: Wherever I am, I first imagine myself sitting quietly in my living room. Then from that position I attach my grounding cord and go through the exercises.
 
“Getting what you want” and “Creating your own reality” were also exercises that kind of came naturally. I have believed in those concepts for a long time, but this course has structured it for me.
 
On a side note, my stepdaughter is a chiropractor and practices Applied Kinesiology. It has become more clear to me now how that all come together. She has one test she performs regularly on her patients (and on myself and my wife) where she puts pressure on the stretched out arm while letting the person taste several spices and foods. This way she can determine what the body is allergic to. Very similar to the tests in this course.
 
When the subject turned to spirit communications I became a little wary… I personally found that subject a little scary. My wife is very perceptive to “the spirit world” and after several “encounters” early on in life which were not very pleasant she turns it off. But going through the course it turned out not to be “scary” at all, as I was afraid of initially.
Over the years I have philosophized quite a bit about “the afterlife” and what happens to us. I believe that we all remain as spirits (remaining energy) in some virtual world (in which you would create your own heaven or hell), and where the strong spirits can communicate with our world.
 
All and all this turned out to be a great course with many tools which can be used from now on (and be used better over time). I also loved the positive message being used throughout.
 
Thank you!
 
Rev. Peter van Sluis

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The Universal Life Church is a comprehensive online seminary where we have classes in Christianity, Wicca, Paganism, two courses in Metaphysics and much more. I have been a proud member of the ULC for many years and the Seminary since its inception.

As a long time member of ULC, Rev. Long created the seminary site to help train our ministers. We also have a huge selection of Universal Life Church  minister supplies. Since being ordained with the Universal Life Church for so many years and it’s Seminary since the beginning, I’ve watch the huge change and growth that has continued to happen.
 
Try our new free toolbar at: ULC Toolbar
As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.
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Spirit Quest

Spirit-Quest is a very private journey deep inside which leads to phenomenal healing and growth. Old prejudices, beliefs about self and negativity are challenged and exercised in a non-threatening way. Little by little over the course of thirty weeks the real self blooms. Confidence grows and the world is seen through calmer, more focused eyes.
I have been on many journeys. This one has had and is having the most profound results, perhaps because of the concentrated time spent over a long period. Seeds are sown and given room to sprout and grow.
I am calmer, more focused and no longer fearful of using my healing talents.
Roses: One of the tools I like best and which I have had the opportunity to use many, many times is “blowing up roses.” So many experiences, both good and bad, can be handled with this tool. When some person or some situation is difficult, it is so easy to put them or it into a rose and blow it up. It makes me smile every time.
One thing I have discovered in attempting to use this tool with truly negative or harmful things. Not wishing to blow up evil and disperse it throughout the world, I tried putting it down a grounding cord. I created a grounding cord right in front of me, dropped the situation down the grounding cord and blew it up deep inside the earth. I created a neutral grounding cord in front of me so I would not have to use my own grounding cord. I did not want the evil anywhere near me.
Spirit Guides: I have been talking with my Spirit Guide for many years. It is not necessary for me to use a rose. I simply ask a question and receive an answer. I also ask for things that I want and feel that the Spirit Guide will either help make it happen or help me to see why I really don’t want it. I also find that I am able to talk with or see people who have died. This is a fairly new phenomenon and one with which I am not altogether comfortable. Because this is helpful to people who are grieving it is an important “talent” for me to cultivate. This course has helped with my comfort level.
Finally, I wish to thank you for a wonderful course.
Yours in light
Rev. Judy Wolf

 

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Druidism

Master of Druidism Essay
By Rev. Kevin John Gilhooly
The Druids were an ancient people, although there was a more modern version. The modern ones tended to converge on Stonehenge from time to time. That was about all I knew about Druidism when I began this course.
I have always been interested in a multitude of belief systems – I was raised Roman Catholic and went to Catholic schools, I attended Buddhist services after college, and I’ve looked at other religions, as well. It has not been a quest to find the “right” or “only” solution, but rather to find ideas that will help me along my spiritual journey.
I began my study of the Druids with very little preconceptions. I chose the course since my family is originally from Ireland and because it was a belief system born of simpler times, which I think would be one possible solution to some of the issues of today. (This was mentioned in the course, in fact, so I was not alone in this thought.) Other than that, I was a blank slate.
I appreciated learning that the Druids were a society more than a religion. There are some societies (AA comes to mind) which often bind their members much more closely than proper religions do.
It is unfortunate that it was an oral tradition, since much of the specifics are then recorded for posterity by those outside the society. Nonetheless, there are records which are quoted throughout the course.
Since it was an oral tradition, there was a specific portion of society (the Bards) dedicated to continuing the tradition and handing it down. There were also Ovates, who were the healers and the Druids, who were performed the rituals and were teachers. It sounds like the caste system was not what we would consider a caste today with different levels in a hierarchy but rather a progression of learning.
Druidism taught its members to honor life – in all its forms. This core belief could help people to realize that all their actions ripple throughout the Earth – affecting not just themselves, but people and other beings around them. If you can accept this core belief, then you can start to realize your place within the Earth and how what you choose has effected beyond just those entities directly around you.
The interesting aspect of this to me was that it is a belief that will help one to do right without the requirement of a Supreme Being who is watching and “grading” what you do. There is no real need for someone watching over you to see if you behave – you can determine your correct path by how it affects the Earth around you.
Like their ethical code, the Druidic holidays are also tied to the Earth. Their calendar is based on the seasons, which would be much more important to acknowledge in an agrarian culture, and also again grounds the people into the rhythms of the Earth. It is interesting to note that theirs was a solar calendar, rather than a lunar one.
I was glad to learn that there are actually practicing Druids today. While it may not be accepted widely, I do believe it has concepts that should be acknowledged and studied, since other beliefs can gloss over them.
It is unfortunate that some of the aspects of the Druidic system (magic, divination) are held to ridicule by those in the mainstream, which then causes them to dismiss the tradition wholesale. While part of the tradition, I don’t believe focusing on those aspects give a true picture of the system and how it can help modern people survive in a modern world. I also believe that the explanations of magic in the course would lead many to believe that magic is around us.
As the world becomes more automated and mechanized, perhaps all of us should take a moment and reflect on the traditions of the Druids, who were connected to the earth and to each other.






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The  ULC, run by Rev. Long, has created a chaplaincy program to help train our ministers. We also have a huge catalog of Universal Life Church materials.  I’ve been ordained with Seminary since the beginning and have loved watching the continual growth of the seminary.


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As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.
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Spirituality and Prayer

1.       Explain how I agree/disagree with the Course’s view on forgiveness: I agree with the Course’s view on forgiveness. I had never thought about the “forgiveness of destruction”, however, in my life and my interactions with others I see how the ego keeps us stuck. I know that when I become angry or hurt my ego puts my thoughts on a “hamster wheel” and the negativity goes around and around.  I try to jump off the wheel only to find myself repeatedly jumping back on.  Each time I jump back on I find justifications for why I feel/think the way I do.  It is a relief to know that it is not myself that forgives but God that forgives through intercession of the Holy Spirit.  I agree that I worry and blame myself at times for my flaws and at other times my ego inflates my “self-esteem” and furthers my justification for whatever I have done.  
Once I justify what I have done related to perceived wrongs I am inclined to do those things again because it “is okay for me to act this way” but “it is not okay for the other to behave in this manner.”  What a distraction! What separateness! Years ago I read many books written by an Avatar, Meher Baba.  His explanation of life is that we “are all God in search of itself”.  He taught that in the beginning God was everything and God was nothing and that life as an individual was created in order that God might know Itself in every way.  Therefore, every experience was necessary. This philosophy taught that we need to let go of our mis-perceptions about who we are and to leave everything up to God. I think this week’s Course is underlining this.  If we truly are God in search of Itself then it is God who forgives.  It is God who lives through us.  It is not about us it is about God.
2.       Re-write one of my own prayers for forgiveness.  “Lord, I have done it again.  I have been angry and have lashed out at others.  I feel badly about hurting others and yet feel justified at the same time.  Please forgive my weaknesses and help me to refrain from hurting others again.”  New prayer: “Holy Spirit, Please intercede on my behalf with the Father in granting forgiveness in this situation.  Help me to re-member who I Am and to let go of negative evaluations of myself and others. Help me live in Love and Peace. Thank You. Amen.”

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Many people get ordained through the ULC as a means to become wedding officiants, but also to study through our online seminary. If you need minister supplies or online ceremonies, we have a wide selection to choose from, as well as a place for spiritual articles and spiritual bookmarks. Visit our FB Page at ULC Seminary.
As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.
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Paganism Course by Terri Greer

Paganism through the ULC - Universal Life Church Seminary
I have enjoyed the Paganism course. As in the other courses I have taken, it was like someone was just reminding me of something I had forgotten. I did learn some new things. Those things just added depth to the knowledge that was already there. I am getting the same experience in some programming classes I am taking. It must be the right time for me to increase the depth of my knowledge.
The first thing that I learned was the Pagan Story of Creation. I have heard and read many different versions of creation from several different view points. This is the first time I had heard it as a love story. One thing it teaches is there is a balance of power. Ying without Yang, Male without Female, Dark without Light, is unbalanced. Another thing that the story teaches is that the greatest creations start in Chaos. If Chaos is guided it can create beautiful things. Left alone Chaos is just chaos.
It always amazes me that if you look at religions side by side, they all seem to have something in common. I have always wondered why people look for what is different rather than what it the same. A lot of religions have ceremonies around the moon phases. A lot have gods and goddesses. The gods and goddesses usually have multiple forms or faces. There are guides or helpers for good and demons or tempters for bad. I think it is a good thing to understand others. In understanding others, you learn more about yourself.
I enjoyed learning about the Pagan year and the using of the terms the Northern European Wheel and the Mediterranean Wheel. I had not heard these terms used with the Pagan year before and when I started doing research on the internet it was amazing how many these terms pulled up. It also helped to have the year broken down into the different festivals and moons. It is making it a lot easier to give things a name of what I am celebrating rather than just a description of why I am celebrating.
The thing that most impressed me was the listing of the tools and their uses in this course. I have seen each of things listed scattered among books and text but this was one of the better listing of tools in one place. I also appreciated the explanation on the Runes and their meaning. It helped explained why Rune reading is not my thing. Before I always thought it was something I was doing wrong.
I could go on and on about the things I enjoyed about the course. There were some things I do not see the same way as the course presented but that is the beauty of learning. As you take any course there are things that you agree with and things you disagree with. If you agree with everything that everyone says with you are a sheep and we can only hope that the person guiding you is a good person.
The last thing I would like to mention is that I am closer to saying I am a Universalist. I do believe that every religion has truth in it. Depending on how a person thinks is how a person believes. I have found no one religion or set of beliefs that encompasses all that I believe. I had a Tarot Reading about 10 years ago and something the lady said has stuck with me.
My question was will I ever find the religion for me. She said that I would never be happy if I chose one religion. That I was a Seeker and would find the truth in everything and that one day I would set up a place for others to teach and learn without adhering to one belief. I have found that reading coming back to me often. I am learning about all beliefs and one day I hope to open a place for all to come to worship and learn in whatever manner they wish.
I can’t wait to see what the next classes teach me.
Rev. Terri Greer

 

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Christian Ethics

Myrna L. Durr
Dr. of Christian Ethics
Lessons XI & XII


1. Define Caritas & Cupitas
     A. As used in Lesson XI and defined by Augustine, the definition of Caritas is man’s love of God.  The Latin translation would be a reference to charity, virtue, or love for all.

     B. Lesson IX refers to Cupitas as the love of the world.  The Latin reference is to desired.

2. Knudson’s view on the disjunction of agape and eros is a false abstraction.
     A. Knudson states that to exclude self-love and duties to self are non-Christian and to limit Christian love unmotivated towards others would be to create an abstract Christian ethic and fall into sentimental immoralist.

3. Text for “to grow up in every way into him who is the head, into Christ”  is found in: Eph. 4-16.

4. To the Christian, the ultimate source of strength is God, who’s will is the final standard of what is good.

5. The statement: “within the immediacy of interpersonal relations lies mans greatest capacity for self giving love and his worst temptations to love” is True.

6. “Therefore let anyone who thinks he stands take heed lest he fall” is found in I Cor: 10-12 in the Bible.

7. Four things that moral dullness may be the result of are:
     A. Ignorance
     B. Willful moral blindness
     C. Unconscious self -deception
     D. A mixture of the three above

8. “Do not be conformed to this world but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that you may prove what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect”, is found in Romans 12:2 in the Bible.

9. Three types of Christian actions open to us in challenging and changing the gigantic structure of social evil and social sin that infests our world are as follows:
     A. Social Service=Projection of Christian love through sympathy and compassion and responding to human need.

     B. Social Education=Understanding social issues that may negatively effect society.  Through education and speaking truth in love can have a positive outcome on social action.

     C. Political and economic= Combining coercion with love may result in justice but must be spearheaded by love, it must not be just the seeking of justice.

10. The force that is relevant to every situation is LOVE.

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Many people get ordained through the ULC as a means to become wedding officiants, but also to study through our online seminary. If you need minister supplies or online ceremonies, we have a wide selection to choose from, as well as a place for spiritual articles and spiritual bookmarks. Visit our FB Page at ULC Seminary.
As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.
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Spiritualism

Spiritualism

The Spiritual Journey
    I remember my first spiritual experience in my life when I was a child, but it took many years and several adverse circumstances to enter the realm of spirituality I enjoy today.

    I was five years old when my Grandmother Hattie died of cancer. After the funeral we all went back to our house to mend our broken hearts sharing stories, and partaking in the food and drink. After a while all the company had left for home, and it was time for us children to retire for the night.

    I went to my room confused about the days events. My Dad followed me into my bedroom . He was concerned as to how I was handling all that had transpired throughout the ordeal, and tried his best to comfort me with a pat on the head. We sat silent on my bed for several minutes with his big hand rubbing my back, and looking at the night through the window in my room. The sky was dark and clear with millions of stars shining brightly.

    My Dad was not a religious man, but did have a sense of a higher being…God?
    I always pictured God sitting in the biggest wooden chair ever seen with all of his angels around him.

My Dad stated,” pick a star in the sky and say a prayer to it, then Grammy will hear you and will  know that you loved her.” He also said that I should ask God to” let her into heaven,” because she had been a fine mother and grandmother. With his paternal part completed, he left the room to leave me to do what was instructed.

    The first thing I did was recall an exercise that the Sunday school teacher had taught us about Jesus on the cross. She had us hold our hands out to our sides for as long as we could to show how much pain that Jesus may have gone through for us. For some reason I held my arms out like she had instructed us in school, and closed my eyes. I’m not sure how much time had passed, but my arms were tired. I then picked out the star, and got on my knees and said, ” God, please take care of my Grammy, because I love her. Will you please take her to heaven with you. Amen!”

    A feeling of great peace fell over me, and I knew that my prayers would be answered.
    I never had another experience like that for many years to come, but I sure searched for it, in all the wrong places. It was not until I was thirty six years old that I was able to re-connect with God, and use him to manage my life on a daily basis. After battling Alcohol and drug addition for many years, I got sober through a gift of desperation , Then, a kidney transplant, multiple bone surgeries, contracted Hepatitis C from multiple transfusions, and living life on free will all caught up to me at once. I was empty with no self worth, but saw a little hope through a caring friend…God!

    The classes on spiritualism has enlighten my perception in the spiritual concept, explaining the patterns of spirituality played out in different times, for different people, and the evolution individuals and cultures have experienced. The spiritual life is not a theory, but has to be lived to become a valid and functional benefit of the believer. An abstract concept that creates possibilities through faith, love, and an open mind.

    Some individuals become spiritual through forbidden avenues, learning lessons the hard way. Spirituality may not get you to heaven alone, but will let you out of hell. Thank you for the enlightenment.   

Rev. Mark England
                                          
  

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As a long time member of ULC, Rev. Long created the seminary site to help train our ministers. We also have a huge catalog of Universal Life Church materials.  I’ve been ordained with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since the beginning and have loved watching the continual growth of the seminary.


Try our new free toolbar at: ULC Toolbar
As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.
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Biblical Egyptology

Dating Exodus
By
John Ozanich D.D.
“And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a and flowing with milk and honey.  (Exodus 3:17)
            From the Old Testament, God describes to Moses the world into which He will deliver the Israelites from Egyptian bondage.  Dating the Exodus event has proven to be one of the most elusive mysteries of mankind.  Current mainstream archaeology has surrendered to the notion that Exodus is a mythical story enamoring Jewish idealism and providing a creation mythos for the nation of Israel.  Like all branches of science, however, opinion is in perpetual flux due to continuously incoming data and refinement in understanding.  Two sliding scales particularly exacerbate the dating of Exodus with their continuous re-adjustment to newly discovered facts.  One scale being the timeline associated with Egypt and the other being all timeline adjustments made regarding other cultures in the surrounding area.  The Bible itself gives us no solid date reference on which we can rely in regards to the events of Exodus though some minor clues are given which have a bearing on dating.  God’s description of the Canaanite area in which He promised to bring the freed Israelites in Exodus (3:17) describes a land in which Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites simultaneously occupied the region of present day Israel.  This may be noteworthy due to the fact that the Amorite Dynasty is believed to have fallen by 1550 B.C.  Numbers (21:13-27) tells of the Israelites putting the Amorites to the sword and overtaking several of their cities.  This would seem to imply a continued strong dynastic presence and thus make the 15th century date relevant.  Placing Exodus at or before the 15th century puts Exodus at the start of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt or before it.
            Genesis 37:28 tells us, “Then Midianite traders passed by; so the brothers pulled Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels of silver.  And hey took Joseph to Egypt.”
            Historical review of the going prices of slaves in and around Egypt at the time tells us that twenty pieces of silver for a slave would be the going rate around the 1500 BCE era.  The price increased to 30 shekels around the last quarter of the second millennium BCE.  This again places biblical reference any time during or prior to the 18th Egyptian Dynasty.
            “And these are the names of he sons of Israel, who to Egypt.”  (Exodus 1:1).
            The Hebrew name for Egypt is Mitzrayim.  The name is unusual because the –yim suffix is plural.  Mitzar would be the singular form of the name.  Around the 18th Dynasty of Egypt and the Hyksos occupation of Lower Egypt, the Egyptians themselves referred to Egypt as a plural, Tawy, due to the divided kingdom.
            “And the Egyptians made the people of Israel serve with rigor. And they made their lives bitter with hard slavery, in mortar, and in brick, and in all kinds of service in the field; all their service, which they made them serve, was with rigor.” (Exodus 1;13-14)
            Consensus among scholars is that there was no slave conscription before the 18th Egyptian Dynasty.  No records exist of any such action.  Prior to the 18th Dynasty, slaves were captured or purchased for domestic use.  Forcing Israelites to serve as brick makers appears to have occurred uniquely around the 18th Dynasty.
            The primary biblical clue cited for the dating of Exodus comes from Kings 6:1, “And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.”  Archaeological evidence places the construction of the Temple of Solomon at around 960 BCE.  Back dating this by 480 years gives us an approximate year of Exodus around 1440 BCE – still within Egypt’s 18th Dynasty.
            The most solid archaeological evidence we have in respect to dating is the discovery of the Merneptah Stele.  It contains the earliest known Egyptian reference to the people of a place called Israel.  The stele commemorates the victory of Pharaoh Merneptah (1213 – 1203 BC) over Libu and Meshwesh Libyans and their sea allies.  The last two lines of the stele make comment that prior to defeating the Libyans, Merneptah also defeated Ashkelon, Gezer, Yanoam and Israel.  The stele itself has been dated to around 1209 BCE.  Thus, the nation of Israel was presumably firmly established by that time.
            Frustratingly, Egyptian records offer no help.  Thus far, no record found offers a comparative storyline to the Israelite claims of Exodus though it is believed that this is not surprising since it would be highly unusual for Egypt to record the defeat of a pharaoh as potentially embarrassing as Exodus claims.  Additionally, Egyptian records are vague and difficult to correlate to what might have been descriptions of the ten plagues of the Bible, which God inflicted on Egypt for refusing to release His people.  Natural events, which may correlate to the plagues have been identified and attempts made to correlate them to the plagues but none have been broadly accepted.

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The Universal Life Church is a comprehensive online seminary where we have classes in Christianity, Wicca, Paganism, two courses in Metaphysics and much more. I have been a proud member of the ULC for many years and the Seminary since its inception.

As a long time member of ULC, Rev. Long created the seminary site to help train our ministers. We also have a huge selection of Universal Life Church  minister supplies. Since being ordained with the Universal Life Church for so many years and it’s Seminary since the beginning, I’ve watch the huge change and growth that has continued to happen.

 

Try our new free toolbar at: ULC Toolbar
As an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church for many years and it’s Seminary since its inception, I’ve had the privilege of watching the Seminary grow.